Fragrant and delicious, tofu is so easy to make at home with this simple 3-ingredient recipe. Talk about goodness that’s so much fresher and healthier than the store-bought versions. There are no preservatives or ingredients you can’t pronounce in this tofu. If you’re familiar with making Soy Milk, you’ll find this recipe to be a cinch! Hope you give this recipe a try and share your results with me! 🙂
Notes on the Tofu / Bean Curd (Dau Hu) Recipe, Tips and Tricks
Use organic soybeans if possible.
To cut the soaking time of the beans in half use hot water.
I do not recommend using store-bought soy milk. Some of the milks have stabilizer and preservatives which prevent the milk from separating into the curds and liquid whey.
If fresh soy milk is available, you can start with this instead of making your own from the soy beans. Simply add 2 cups water to the milk and follow the remaining instructions.
I use distilled white vinegar with an acidity of 5%. You can substitute the vinegar for the same amount of lemon or lime juice but you will have to use more of the coagulant to get the separation.
Make sure the heat is Low when adding the coagulant. Do not allow the milk boil or this will break up the curds.
If after adding 1/2 cup + 3 Tbsp coagulant you still don’t see the separation, continue adding 1 Tbsp and letting it rest for 3 minutes. Repeat this process until you see the separation.
You can change the firmness of the tofu by adding more coagulant. More coagulant will make larger curds resulting in a firm tofu. Also increasing the pressing time will also yield a firmer tofu. Below are some guidelines:
10-15 minutes = Soft
20-25 minutes = Medium
30+ minutes = Firm
Soaking the tofu in ice water helps to firm up the tofu. If you prefer a soft tofu, you can skip this step.
Some other things you can use to make your own tofu mold: take-out food containers, plastic baskets for fruits and berries, disposal foil pans, plastic food storage containers. Optionally you can just buy a tofu maker. (This one is fairly inexpensive.)
If not using right away, store the tofu immersed in water in the refrigerator. Change the water daily to keep it fresh. The tofu is best consumed within 1 week.
If you enjoy this Tofu / Bean Curd (Dau Hu) recipe, you may also like:
Tofu / Bean Curd (Dau Hu)
1/2 lb (approximately 1 1/3 cups) organic soy beans
10 cups water
1 cup water + 2 Tbsp distilled white vinegar (Note: Used in this recipe is 1/2 cup + 3 Tbsp)
4 cup tofu mold or container with holes throughout
cheesecloth (Grade 90 or 60)
object weighing 2-3 lbs (soup can, small box salt, sugar, etc)
Sift through the dry soy beans and remove any which are mis-shapened or covered with dark spots and discard.
Wash the soybeans by swirling around in cold water for 1 minute and then pouring off the cloudy water. Repeat this process 2 more times making sure the final wash water is clear. Soak the beans in cold water for 8 hours or overnight.
Wash the beans one more time and then drain well.
Transfer the soybeans into a blender. Add 2 1/2 cups water. Starting first on Low speed, gradually increase to High speed. Blend for 1 minute. Add another 2 1/2 cups water and continue blending on High speed for another 30 seconds.
Pour the soy milk into a nut milk bag. Firmly squeeze the bag extracting the soy milk into a large bowl. Pour the soy milk into a large saucepan.
Transfer the soy pulp back into the blender. Add 5 cups water. Blend on High speed for 30 seconds. Again pour into the nut milk bag, extract the milk and then pour into the saucepan.
Make the coagulant by combining 1 cup water with the 2 Tbsp distilled white vinegar. Set aside for now.
Cut a double layer of cheesecloth to fit the tofu mold. Wet the cheesecloth and then wring out the water. Line the tofu mold with the cheesecloth.
Invert a small bowl or dish inside a large dish or pan. Place the tofu mold on top.
Warm the soy milk over Medium Low heat. Stir frequently to prevent the milk from burning on the bottom. Skim off the foam and discard. When the milk comes to a gentle boil, reduce the heat to Low and simmer for 10 minutes.
Reduce the heat to Low. Quickly stir the soy milk a few times to get it swirling. Slowly Add 1/2 cup + 2 Tbsp coagulant by drizzling it into the soy milk. (You should see bubbles forming and the milk starting to curdle.) Stir gently in a back and forth motion to distribute the coagulant. (Small curds should be visible in the milk now.) Let the mixture rest for 5 minutes.
Check to see if the liquid has separated into curds and liquid whey. If it has not, drizzle in another 1 Tbsp coagulant and stir gently. Let rest for another 3-4 minutes.
The milk liquid should separate into curds and an opaque liquid (liquid whey). Using a slotted spoon, transfer just the curds into the tofu mold.
Use a spatula to evenly distribute the curds into the mold. Fold the cheesecloth covering up the tofu. Add the lid and place a weight on top. Allow the tofu to be pressed for 20 minutes.
Fill a large bowl with ice water. Invert the tofu into the cold water and remove the mold. Unwrap the tofu and remove the cheesecloth. Allow the tofu to rest in the ice water for 15 minutes.
Enjoy the tofu fresh or as an ingredient in your favorite dishes.
Yields: 1 lb tofu
Love tofu? Here are some tasty dishes to try:
Tools I Love and Use in My Kitchen