Essential Mooncake Guide: Mooncake Molds

Mooncake molds are important tools for making beautiful mooncakes. It’s from the mold that mooncakes get the imprinted designs and motifs. There are lots of different mooncake molds but which one is the best to use? In this post, Part 2 of a three-part series on mooncakes, I’ll share several basic mooncake molds plus some fun and unconventional molds too. Also, be sure to check out the mooncake recipes below. Mid-Autumn Festival wouldn’t be complete without some scrumptious mooncakes to enjoy!

Check out the related posts here:

Part 1: Essential Mooncake Guide – Types of Mooncakes

Part 3: Essential Mooncake Guide – Tools for Making Mooncakes

Essential Mooncake Guide (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

Mooncake Molds

Every year I look forward to making mooncakes and unboxing my storage container filled with mooncake molds. I’ve made different types of mooncakes over the years and have amassed a collection of molds. I purchased some of the mooncake molds at the Vietnamese grocery store. Most of the time, I find it really convenient to purchase the molds online.

Essential Mooncake Guide (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

Most manufacturers size mooncake molds based on weight capacity. For example, a 200 grams mold makes a mooncake weighing 200 grams. I do recommend checking the size of all molds before starting a recipe. See below for how to determine the size of a mooncake mold.

Two-Piece Mooncake Molds

These bright orange, plastic, two-piece molds are the traditional mooncake molds. Available in a variety of festive designs, the molds are typically round or square. The larger molds (round ones pictured below) have a 7 ounces/200 grams capacity and smaller ones have 5.2 ounces/150 grams capacity. Sold at many Vietnamese grocery stores, the molds cost about $3.00.

Essential Mooncake Guide (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

The two-piece mooncake molds can be used for making baked, snowskin and agar mooncakes. Of course, some molds work better for certain types of mooncakes than others. For the baked mooncakes, use a mold with a flatter decorative top. This will make the cake easier to remove from the mold. Use the deeper, more recessed tops for making snowskin mooncakes as these cakes are easier to unmold.

Essential Mooncake Guide (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

Dough does stick to these molds. Be sure to flour them generously. Check out this post for how to remove excess flour from a cake: Essential Mooncake Guide – Tools for Making Mooncakes

Essential Mooncake Guide (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

Stamp Mooncake Molds

Stamp mooncake molds have 3 main parts: a barrel to hold the cake, a decorative disk, and a plunger for imprinting the design onto the cake. The stamp mooncake molds are made of plastic. The barrels are round, square or even triangular and come in assorted sizes. Common sizes are: 1.7 ounces/50 grams, 2.6 ounces/75 grams and 3.5 ounces/100 grams. A stamp mold set usually comes with 4 interchangeable decorative disks.

Essential Mooncake Guide (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

I have two different stamp mooncake molds sets, purchased online for $8 per set. The smaller set is 63 grams and the larger one 75 grams.

Essential Mooncake Guide (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

The stamp molds are ideal for making baked mooncakes and snowskin mooncakes. The plunger makes it really easy to stamp and release the cakes. Dough tends to stick to the disks and barrel so flour everything well.

Essential Mooncake Guide (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

You can make agar mooncakes using a stamp mold. Place a pair of chopsticks across a tall glass to hold the mold upright. Make sure the mold is level before adding the agar mixture.

Essential Mooncake Guide (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

Silicone Mooncake Molds

Silicone molds are good alternatives if you can’t find traditional or stamp mooncake molds. Home stores like Bed, Bath and Beyond, TJMaxx, Target and Amazon sell assorted silicone molds. They offer a wide selection of seasonal molds so you’re sure to find something cute.

Essential Mooncake Guide (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

I love using silicone molds because they are 1) Flexible – makes it easy to unmold mooncakes, 2) Heat/Cold Safe – use in the oven or fridge, 3) Smaller Mold Size – great for making smaller mooncakes.

One of my favorite molds for making mooncakes is the Autumn motif mold from Wilton. I use it often to make baked mooncakes and layered agar jelly desserts. Sadly, Wilton has discontinued this mold. However, I’ve seen this mold sold at TJMaxx, Marshalls and Ross.

Essential Mooncake Guide (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

Use the silicone molds to make baked, snowskin and agar mooncakes. When buying silicone molds, choose patterns with lots of depth for visually appealing mooncakes!

Taro and Coconut Agar Mooncakes (Banh Trung Thu Thach Khoai Mon Nhan Dua) - Chilled Snack Cakes for Mid-Autumn Festival | recipe from runawayrice.com

These individual silicone mooncake molds (1.6 ounces/45 grams) are so cute I had to get them. The designs have a lot of depth, making them perfect for agar mooncakes. I haven’t tried them for making baked or snowskin mooncakes yet.

Essential Mooncake Guide (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

Wooden Mooncake Molds

The wooden molds are beautifully intricate with 2-3 carved molds on one wood board. If you’re lucky enough, you have one that’s hand-made and passed down through your family.Essential Mooncake Guide (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

Use the wooden molds to make baked and snowskin mooncakes. I wouldn’t make agar mooncakes with the wooden molds as most of them are unsealed and the moisture may damage the wood.

I have a wooden mold on order. Unfortunately, it won’t make it in time for this year’s Mid-Autumn Festival so I’ll be sure to share it next year!

Egg / Rice Molds

These cute plastic egg molds are used for shaping hard-boiled eggs and rice for kids’ lunch boxes. The molds also work great for making baked and snowskin mooncakes. Fairly small with a 1.25 ounces/35 grams capacity, they come in adorable shapes like fish, car, bunny, hearts, etc. The kiddies will surely love mooncakes made in these fun shapes!

Essential Mooncake Guide (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

Free-Form

Don’t have the molds but still want to enjoy delicious mooncakes? Well, making mooncakes without molds is really easy! The mooncakes in the picture below are made by fellow YouTuber, host and creator of kids show TobiLotta (German) and TobiLotta (Italian), Jesse Angiuoli. Jesse shared a pic of his Mooncakes with Sweet Red Bean Filling following my recipe. He didn’t have mooncake molds and just hand-shaped them into little buns. Don’t they look scrumptious?

Essential Mooncake Guide (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

If feeling creative, use a skewer and hand-make the designs. Cookie or vegetable cutters also work for imprinting patterns. Use the non-cutting side to make the designs. The free-form method works well for both baked and snowskin mooncakes.

These hand-crafted Piggy Mooncakes are a a blast to make. Are they too cute to eat? Oink Oink! 🙂

Essential Mooncake Guide (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

Figuring Out the Size of a Mooncake Mold

Most mooncake molds are stamped with the weight capacity and I recommend confirming it. Check the silicone molds too as different patterns may have varying weights.

An easy way to determine the size of mooncake mold is to fill it with sugar or water. Now weigh the contents using a food scale and that’s the total weight capacity of the mold. (Don’t forget to tare the bowl or cup you’re using.)

Essential Mooncake Guide (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

With the mold size known, you can calculate the casing (shell) to filling ratio. The casing (shell) to filling ratio varies by the type of mooncake. I use the following ratios:

  • Baked mooncakes: dough to filling ratio is 1:2, For a 75 gram mold, dough = 25 grams, filling = 50 grams
  • Snowskin mooncakes: dough to filling ratio is 1:1, For a 75 gram mold, dough = 37.5 grams, filling = 37.5 grams
  • Agar mooncakes: shell to filling ratio is 2:1, For a 75 gram mold, shell = 50 grams, filling = 25 grams

Mooncake Recipes

Mooncakes are essential treats and the Mid-Autumn Festival would not be complete without them. Here are some yummy mooncake recipes to try!

These mooncakes have a sweet filling made of coconut, sunflower and sesame seeds. Yum!Mooncakes with Coconut Filling
(Banh Nuong Nhan Dua)

Essential Guide for Making Mooncakes (Banh Trung Thu) with Recipes | from runawayrice.com

Mooncakes with Red Bean Filling
(Banh Nuong Nhan Dau Do)

Better than store-bought! Wow your family and friends by making these Mooncakes with Salted Egg Yolks | runawayrice.comMooncakes with Mung Bean and Salted Egg Yolks
(Banh Nuong Nhan Dau Xanh Trung Muoi)

Piggy Mooncakes (Banh Trung Thu / Banh Nuong) | recipe from runawayrice.com

Piggy Mooncakes with Lotus Seed Filling
(Banh Nuong Nhan Hat Sen)

Beautiful Snowskin Mooncakes with a Sweet Taro Root Filling

Snowskin Mooncakes with Taro Filling
(Banh Deo Nhan Khoai Mon)

Taro and Coconut Agar Mooncakes (Banh Trung Thu Thach Khoai Mon Nhan Dua) - Chilled Snack Cakes for Mid-Autumn Festival | recipe from runawayrice.com

Taro and Coconut Agar Mooncakes
(Banh Trung Thu Thach Khoai Mon Nhan Dua)

 

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